Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Pat Lyon at The Forge John Neagle painted the picture Pat Lyon at the Forge somewhere in the range of 1826 and 1827. Only 50 years after the start of the American Revolution, this work of art shows the amount America had advanced. Neagle's representation is an incredible festival of gainful work (p 281) and the, pioneering and business energies that 'changed' the nation (p 8). It passes on the idea of 'republican equity' (p 241) that Wood talks about and how was significant it was to the pioneers of the Revolution. While pictures had before been a 'selective extravagance of the privileged' (p 354), Neagle's representation is a break from that custom. The canvas portrays a metal forger working in his fashion with a little youngster, perhaps a student, looking on behind him. Pay Lyon looks in no way like a blue-blood. He is a worker, working diligently with his shirt unfastened and sleeves moved up. In customary European culture, honorable men didn?t work, just average citizens did. ?The benevolence for which refined men were known meant opportunity ? opportunity from material want?and opportunity from having ...
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Establishing Fathers of Psychology Essay These four men that we are going to discuss are a portion of the, if not the most notable individuals in brain science. One created brain research as a way of thinking and distributed the primary book regarding the matter which opened the entryway for another to build up his hypotheses. A long time after the book came out another scholar was roused to investigate the human psyche and this time with an all the more logically basic brain and approach, there was a typical explanation individuals had issue, he simply was not positive what. This lead two of his understudies to proceed onward and one spotlight on the individual versus what the larger part has an issue with and ensured that treatment concentrated on them. The second glanced more top to bottom into what normally came into our inner mind and how that influenced us and our turn of events. These were the non-official establishing fathers of brain research. This man never at any point rehearsed medication yet, in the wake of moving on from Harvard he proceeded to turn into a persuasive individual in brain science (Stone, 2000). Notwithstanding numerous different things that William James did to help with the field of brain research, particularly the mental parts of religion he additionally fiddled with the utilization of logical strategies to explore the for the most part immaculate profound and mystic domain. He was additionally the first to battle for brain research to be perceived as a science, everybody after him has him to thank for the qualification as a science (Croce, 2010). The manner in which he battled was only a progressively irregular method of going about it, he didn't care to be called analyst, in reality he favored the term rationalist (Goodwin, 2008). He inevitably built up a place that would turn into the establishment for the utilitarian clinicians, this was known as practicality. This depended on the conviction that an individual had command over what they do and life changes those encounters. This lead to a book that would change the manner in which individuals took a gander at brain research as something to pay attention to, the Principles of Psychology turned into the main course reading type distribution regarding this matter which prompted individuals like Sigmund Freud and others to build up their speculations too. Freud is one of the most celebrated of all, when anybody considers brain science that has not glancing top to bottom into its history will consistently consider Freud. Freud was not as far as possible individuals depict him either if something appeared to be unreasonably harming for his patient it was halted (Chessick, 2000). Therapy is difficult for everybody on the circumstance since it dives profound into what makes an individual demonstration the manner in which they do. Freud was said to have an extraordinary way to deal with his patients for his time allotment. He understood that when an individual discovers some new information or encounters something new it does in fact change something about that individual, he additionally realized that the past had something do with it and that there were layers of awareness to an individual that has an impact too. He made them a piece of their treatment and tuned in to what they asked for from their treatment as opposed to directing to them what they ought to do to pass the time (Frank, 2008). He needed his patients to have the option to be free with themselves and learning their own preventions that may shield them from accomplishing something that they ought to do to occupy their time. He needed them to be their own individual and not kept down by whatever has carried them to him. Freud himself concentrated more on relegating a general explanation behind individuals to carry on the manner in which they did which is the thing that impacted his understudies to stretch out. Alfred Adler joined FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s psychoanalytic development in 1902, yet he left the gathering in 1911 as a result of tireless conflicts with Freudian hypothesis (Overholser, 2010). This methodology that Adler made was known as the Individualistic methodology this methodology centers exclusively around the patient and what encounters have formed them through an amazing span. This is one of the most inside and out approaches to psychoanalyze individuals, understanding the apparent imperfection in FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis; he investigated what made the individual one of a kind and how that changed their human experience. This improves the one so that in the end that one will go out into society and become liable for themselves and each other as great individuals from it. Adler kept on accepting that Freud had made a point by glancing back at ones adolescence for answers but instead than concentrating on the sexual root to the issue, he concentrated on the emotions that came out of a circumstance (Lafountain, 2009). For instance, in the event that one grew up reluctant to assume responsibility for circumstances since another person consistently did it for them, they could experience difficulty sometime down the road attempting to be accountable for themselves or others. Subsequent to concentrating with Freud he proceeded to concentrate on how society influences an individual and how that individual capacities in the public arena. He accepted there were three things an individual expected to achieve in life to be a sound socially disapproved of individual. First is the assignment of discovering how to endure, work, keeping up ones house, the capable things. Second is participating and being polite just as deferential to society. Third are personal connections, having kids, companions, a life partner. Each of the three of these were vital to being a typically working individual in the public eye (Lafountain, 2010). Fundamentally an individual is one of a kind in almost all parts of their life and that should be considered in every single case from brain research to educating in light of the fact that not every person is going to fit together well. Carl Jung, as with Adler was motivated and impacted by Freud in the early long stretches of his vocation and likewise with that came the possible difference and him heading out in his own direction. He re-imagined some of terms that we are increasingly acquainted with today. He gave us the terms; loner, outgoing individual, cognizant, oblivious, aggregate oblivious, persona, model, and all the more significantly mind. These were terms to improve and arrange various procedures going on in the mind at some random second, one of the other increasingly significant and less evident is the hypothesis of aggregate obviousness, this is the conviction that on the whole people have a mental information that they can draw on that is intrinsic in our hereditary make-up (Carter, 2011). This was firmly trailed by the prime examples which without aggregate oblivious as a hypothesis would not be doable, the models are what those musings are comprised of in the aggregate oblivious, something like inborn nature that says we are innately expected to fear things that would do us hurt. Contemplating this brings out what is instinctual in people versus what is something that they know about doing, much like FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s subliminal idea hypothesis. Both concurred that there are things that are in people that are oblivious and simply occur and those should have been considered and comprehended too (Carter, 2010). Jungian supporters accepted that like Freud dreams had meaning however in JungÃ¢â¬â¢s school this permitted the individual examining the fantasies to free partner the significance dependent on their own insight into folklore and life versus what might be from the individual who is being broke down own life. The idea was that aggregate oblivious would make the examiner arrive at the right resolution dependent on oblivious contemplations going to and fro between the two. These four people formed brain research as what it is today, the two of them by implication and straightforwardly affected each other in any event, when some of them never met and history has lessened their achievements. James began everything with the psyche of a savant who delighted in the solidness of what science demonstrated yet in addition the secret of what it left open. Freud was a scholar who thought more as a researcher and accordingly opened that the cerebrum has shrouded data in it that should have been found to realize what makes an individual themselves. This drove Jung and Adler to take his standards and develop them where they concurred and where they oppose this idea. Without them brain science would not be the place it is today and you can see small amounts of what they contributed since its commencement. . ReferencesÃ Carter, D. (2011). CARL JUNG IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY. Contemporary Review, 293(1703), 441. Chessick, R. D. (2000). Therapy at the Millennium. American Journal Of Psychotherapy, 54(3), 277. Croce, P. J. (2010). Coming to past Uncle William: An era of William James in principle and throughout everyday life. History Of Psychology, 13(4), 351-377. doi:10. 1037/a0021106 Frank, G. (2008). A reaction to The pertinence of Sigmund Freud for the 21st century. . Psychoanalytic Psychology, 25(2), 375-379. doi:10. 1037/0736-9735. 25. 2. 375 Goodwin, C. J. (2008). A History of Modern Psychology (third ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Lafountain, R. (2009). Alfred Adlers Place in the Field of Psychology. Washington, District of Columbia, US: APA Division 1, Society for General Psychology. Overholser, J. C. (2010). Psychotherapy that endeavors to empower social intrigue: A mimicked meet with Alfred Adler. Diary Of Psychotherapy Integration, 20(4), 347-363. doi:10. 1037/a0022033 Stone, A. A. (2000). Pictures in psychiatry: William James, 1842-1910. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(10), 1583-1583. Recovered from http://search. proquest. com/docview/220496188? accountid=35812.
Monday, August 17, 2020
Destination India Inside International Recruitment at Illinois Happy Fall Yall! So what really happens during an international recruitment trip? How do you get from point A to B? Id love to share with you a little about my last international recruitment trip to India and hopefully provide a little insight into what really happens when Illinois travels abroad. Ill start off by admitting somethingthis was my first trip to India. I was so excited to visit a new country and experience a new culture. One of my favorite parts of my job is meeting new students from all over the world and learning more about their cultures. I really had no idea what to expect for my first trip, but I was ready for whatever adventure or challenge was thrown my way. International recruitment isnt always a glamorous as people think it is. One of the biggest challenges can be the language barrier or learning the cultural norms in each new country. Traveling for work can be hard, so it is important to take time and appreciate the culture whenever you can in between visits. I was fortunate enough to arrive one day before our visits started, so knowing I had a busy 2.5 weeks a head of me I took the time to visit the Taj Mahal. Let me tell youthe pictures do not do the Taj Mahal justice. It is gorgeous and massive. I definitely recommend checking out the UNESCO website f or more information about why the Taj was built. Here are just a couple of fun pictures of me in front of the Taj. I will also add it was extremely hot and humid that day! I feel very fortunate to have visited the Taj Mahal while in India, but onto the real reason I spent 2.5 weeks in India in Augustrecruitment for Illinois! I started my trip in New Delhi. I traveled to India with a group of universities from all over the United States. We each took a city in India and planned visits, counselor meetings, and/or college fairs. On average we visited 3-4 schools and some evenings we had college fairs or information sessions. A typical day abroad starts around 6:00 AM (have to get up early to beat traffic!) and usually ends between 5-8:00 PM depending on what evening events we had. It was so great to meet so many wonderful students interested in attending Illinois. When we visited high schools, we typically gave a presentation on studying in the US and our various schools. We would then leave time for a QA session and then we would host a mini-college fair. This was a great way for us to get to know students and their interests, as well as help them learn more about the various applications, timelines, and requirements for different US institutions. The picture above is from Modern School in the Delhi area. We were in Delhi during the Indian Independence Day, so we were able to see various celebrations at schools all over the city. After this Welcome assembly, we had a mini college fair. Below is a typical college fair set-up. We saw close to 100 students during this fair. It was incredible to see so many enthusiastic students! We were able to travel to several cities all over India (New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Kolkata) during our trip. We met so many wonderful students from all over this beautiful country.We typically rode in vans between each visit/appointment and then we flew between the various cities. We spent a lot of time in cars and on planes, so Im always looking for new books to download to read while Im on the road (feel free to comment any suggestions you have). It was exciting to see so many different parts of India and learn about each region. During our time in Bangalore, the team hosted a breakfast for international high school counselors. We wanted to be able to share updates on our various schools and help answer any questions they had about helping their students apply to various US universities. We had a great time getting to know them and thanking them for all their hard work in helping students achieve their dreams of studying in the United States. Beyond meeting all the wonderful students and counselors and answering their questions, my second favorite part of international travel is getting to experience all of the local food. We had our local guide take us to get some of the staple Indian snacks/food while we were in each city. Above you will see the team trying various snacks in Kolkata, India. The next picture is the biggest Naan bread that Ive ever seen! I loved everything that I tried. I am looking forward to returning to India in the spring to get to have some of my favorites again, and of course to meet more students. ?? I look forward to meeting more future Illini when Im on the road again later this fall! I love working with our international students throughout the admissions process, so feel free to reach out, no matter where you are in the world. Go Illini! Jess Jess International Recruitment Coordinator, Undergraduate Admissions I work with international students throughout the admissions process. My biggest piece of advice for anyone going through the college search process is to ask questions. There are no questions too small. Thatâs why we're here!
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Running Head: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Introduction to Philosophy Name Institution INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Cartesian rationalism vs. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s empiricism Rene Descartes was a rationalist who believed that knowledge of the world can be gained by the exercise of pure reason, while empiricist like Locke believed that knowledge of the world came through senses. Descartes from his meditations deduced from intuitive first principles the existence of self, of God, of the mind as a thinking substance and the extended body as a material substance whereas Locke, asserts that knowledge is acquired through perception, direct sensory of the world, reflections, the mental processes of breaking down complex impressions into simple ones and comparing them, conceptualizing them and recommending them to form new philosophies. The two philosophers namely Descartes and Locke vary greatly on the issue of the source of knowledge. Descartes doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in knowledge arising from experience while Locke also doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with the issue of the existence of inherent ideas in the mind. Both Descartes and Locke are skeptics about the possibility of certain knowledge. Descartes is a rationalist who believes that there is definitely certain knowledge and human reasoning is the only source of that knowledge while LockeShow MoreRelatedThe Principles Of Empiricism And The Spirit Behind It2295 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCritical Reasoning Essay 3: British Empiricism with particular reference to LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of ideas Ã¢â¬â the basic principles of empiricism and the spirit behind it; LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of the origin and types of ideas and the problems it gave rise to. Locke, John, An Essay concerning human understanding, Everyman, 1961: Book 1, of Innate ideas, Book 2, chapter 1, of ideas in gen eral and their original, Berkeley, George, A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge. Empiricists endorse the idea
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The game toggles back and forth with scenes that put the player in control of exploring the environment as well as following the games guideline. There lyes a moral misconception in the game where the player is introduced to believe their decisions effect a different outcome to how the storyline will turn out. Once starting each episode, a black screen displays the words, Ã¢â¬Å"This game series adapts to the choices you make. The story is tailored by how you playÃ¢â¬ . On the contrary to this seemingly straightforward statement, no matter how believable the game makes it seem, the players Ã¢â¬Å"onlineÃ¢â¬ experience fades in and out. The player originally feels obligated to be responsible for certain characters traumatic deaths, but in actuality of the game, is not since the outcome is pre-planned regardless of choice. Offline and online continuity (swapping back an forth between Ã¢â¬Å"onlineÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"offlineÃ¢â¬ ) proves the false justification of Ã¢â¬Å"The Walki ng Dead[s]Ã¢â¬ claims and puts the player in seemingly relevant irrelevant scenarios. Telltales game exploits the players empathy that causes the player to think they are following an inter(re)activity through irrelevant decision making. An article by Smethurst, Toby, and Stef Craps, Ã¢â¬Å"Playing with Trauma: Interreactivity, Empathy and Complicity in The Walking Dead Video Game.Ã¢â¬ , suggests the Ã¢â¬Å"games ability to involve the player in the game world through inter(re)activityÃ¢â¬ (Smethurst and Craps). Smethurst and Craps illuminate on complicity, whereShow MoreRelatedMovie Analysis : The Game 1829 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrole-playing game takes place on the historical planet of Mars, which is surprisingly teeming with life, similar to Spiders previous game, Mars: War Logs. Technomancer puts you in the shoes of an infamous technomancer, Zachariah, who later becomes a wanted man after being forced to flee his home, the Abundance, one of the many corporations on Mars, later ingame. The game, like many other role-playing games, starts you off with the creation of your character. Though where this game differs fromRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 891 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSummarize the movie from a sociological perspective (approximately 1 page) : In the film of The Hunger Games, there are districts that are stratified, the bottom of the districts are those with the least amount of resources to survive. Those at the top control the resources by hosting an annual game that will test the strength and courage of two youth, Ã¢â¬Å"tributes,Ã¢â¬ to survive in a human hunting game. One male and one female are chosen at random from each district to participate in the game. There willRead MoreCritical Analysis Of The Movie Hunger Games1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn this essay, I will do a critical analysis of the movie Ã¢â¬Å"Hunger Games,Ã¢â¬ the short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an Hour,Ã¢â¬ and Taylor SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s music video Ã¢â¬Å"Look What Y ou Make Me DoÃ¢â¬ in terms of the use of symbolism, and the new self. The Hunger GamesÃ follows 16-year-oldÃ Katniss Everdeen, a girl from District 12 who volunteers for the 74th Hunger Games in place of her younger sisterÃ Primrose Everdeen. The games itself is a competition to see whoÃ¢â¬â¢s the strongest. The story of an Hour is a short story that describesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 2215 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesChange in Feminism in the Cinema World The Hunger Games which is directed by Garry Ross is story in land of Panem which has grown out of the cadaverous ruins of what one time was known as North America, 74 years ago. The capitol introduced the hunger games as a reminder to the twelve districts of its authority and punishment for rebellion. Every year a boy and a girl from each district, who are known as Tributes, and they are of aged between 12 and 18. The names are chosen randomly in reaping ceremoniesRead MoreMovie Analysis : Video Games Essay2102 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesuprising--itÃ¢â¬â¢s video games. The twenty-first century as we all know is the age of the millennials and technology plays a huge role in everyone s life as it continues to improve as we advance through the years. One major concept that separates storytelling in books and movies from video games is that in video games, you are the character. You are put in the experience and call the shots on the decisions that the character has to make in the game. T he main thing that is so captivating about video games is thatRead MoreThe Hunger Games Movie Analysis1935 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHunger Games directed by Gary Ross, it focuses primarily on the protagonist, Katniss Everdeen, who volunteers to partake the Hunger games tribute that occurs once a year. Every year in each district, each of the two members of each gender is selected to fight the annual Hunger Games. Katniss intends to be the center of attention of this film, which gives the audiences a better insight of the movie, also revealing additional themes that the author is trying to convey. At first sight, this movie mayRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 2249 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesbecause it determines which boy and girl, ages 12 to 18, will serve as the districtÃ¢â¬â¢s tributes in the Hunger Games. Each of the 12 districts must draw two tributes, and those tributes are sent to an arena where they fight to the death until only one tribute remains alive. The victorÃ¢â¬â¢s district is given gifts, mainly food, and the victor returns home. The Capitol of Panem puts on the Games to remind and punish the 12 districts of the Dark Days, which was when the 13th district was destroyed for attemptingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Nina s Games 1652 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto them based on a true story game. Some are pretty silly and other are serious but most meet in the middle of those two but they are all honest about the topics that they are covering without sugar coating it. One of her most notable game that just went absolutely went viral last year is a ga me called How Do You Do It. Where you play as a young version of Nina and are mashing these dolls together to trying to figure out how sex works. Cibele like most off NinaÃ¢â¬â¢s games is on a true story about herselfRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Return Streak And Winning A Playoff Game 967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbreaking ManassasÃ¢â¬â¢s losing streak and winning a playoff game. In this documentary there was a mental skill that stood out the most, in particular, group dynamics/ cohesion. Throughout the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s football season coach Courtney helps the boys feel closer with their fellow teammates, thus, resulting in each individual to look out for one another. With that said, in the movie the team worked together to achieve a common goal which was to win a playoff game while also working on individual interpersonal relationshipsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Imitation Game By Alan Turing1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is socially appropriate? How or more so who decides what is appropriate? These questions have been asked, debated, and fought over since the dawn of civilization. The rhetor of the movie The Imitation Game integrates these questions into the true story of Alan Turing and the people around him. The rhetor allows these questions of appropriateness to be narrowed down to two very influential people in history to give these large, foundat ional questions a more personal touch, and for the audience
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Political Party History Before the Democrat and Republican parties began their reign over American politics, political parties were constantly changing. The first parties resembled factionÃ¢â¬â¢s more than actual parties. The nationÃ¢â¬â¢s politicians were known to crowd together around a particular issue. We will write a custom essay sample on Political Party History or any similar topic only for you Order Now These were usually a reflection of social living in America. A change in political parties meant a change in the way Americans were living their lives. Strong third parties also helped influence the Democrat and Republican parties after they gained control. Though the names of parties change over time, there have always been two groups of people taking opposite sides of a common cause. The political party originated when the debate of ratifying the constitution arose. There was a split in the idea of how this new country should be governed. On one side was the federalist, who were mostly supported by the upper class. The wealthy property owners felt susceptible to the open government that was starting to be formed. They wanted to protect their political power. On the other hand the anti-federalists, made up of the lower classes, felt that a stronger central government would create a great deal of corruption as well as threaten the power of the people. These two factions eventually separated into two parties. The first was pushed by Alexander Hamilton and kept the Federalist name. Hamilton believed in a strong national government having most of the authority. Hamilton wanted a strong industrialized country with close ties to the mother country of England. Thomas Jefferson fronted the second party that was named the Democratic-republicans. Jefferson believed in an unpretentious central government giving most authority to the individual states. Jefferson wanted to keep away from the possible corruption of industry and therefore promoted an agrarian based economy. The Federalist Party quickly came to an end when a split in the party occurred due to the controversial presidency of John Adams. With no opposition the Democratic Republicans gradually faded away. This time period consisting of no parties was known as the Era of Good Feelings. With the new idea of universal white male suffrage, which gave the right to vote to all white men in the United States, there was a permanent shift in power. Prospective politicians could no longer only favor the propertied classes; instead they now had to focus on the middle and lower classes concerns. This profound shift helped invigorate a new party, the Democratic Republicans led by Andrew Jackson. The Democratic Republicans believed that the country should be governed under strict adherence to the Constitution. They were against a national banking system. They were also against federally sponsored internal improvements because they felt it would be unwarranted interference and unconstitutional. The opposing side was the National Republicans and was led by John Adams. This party believed in supporting the national bank and favored all internal improvements. The National Republicans were also advocates of a strong central government. Eventually the National Republicans joined forces with many other disparate groups to form The Whig Party. The Democratic Republican Party shortened its name to the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party still favored a limited national government as well as the ideals of agrarianism. Democrats were farmers who believed in the right to own slaves and favored territorial expansion. As transportation improvements increased commercialization and the new democratic politics drew people out of localism into larger networks, questions about national unity arose. Because the Constitution left the federal structure ambiguous all sectional disagreements automatically became constitutional issues. This brought out the great issue of nationalism vs. sectionalism. The opposing side named themselves the Whig Party. The Whigs drew their strength from the growing industrial class. Most Whigs were entrepreneurs who favored urban growth and free labor. The Whigs party beliefs were that of industrialization, they wanted to expand commercially and were in favor of federally sponsored internal improvements in the form of road and waterways. Ultimately the issues over slavery caused the separation of the Whig Party. The Kansas-Nebraska Act divided the Democratic Party. The Act opened up Kansas and Nebraska to deciding their slave status based on popular sovereignty. This angered both the north and the south. By repealing the Compromise of 1820, the Act convinced Northerners that the South was attempting to ensure slaveryÃ¢â¬â¢s dominance in the United States. The South saw Northern attempts to influence Kansas into voting against slavery as trying to disturb the balance of power. The backlash of the act caused the Democratic Party to split along sectionalist lines and created the Republican Party. This was the Nations first major party created along sectional lines. The new Republican Parties main goal was to stop the spread of slavery into the new territories. The party also wanted to establish a tariff that would protect the countries growing industry; furthermore they wanted to give poor pioneers the ability to own the land they settled in. The Southern Democrats made it abundantly clear that if a Republican won the Presidency the South would secede from the Union to preserve its rights. Shortly after the Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860 the South seceded from the union. The South was afraid that a Republican President would eradicate their right to own slaves. The Democrats remained fractionalized during the Civil War. The Northern remnants of the party split into three. First was the War Democrats who supported the civil war. Second, the Peace Democrats who wanted a quick political settlement with the South. Third, the Copperheads who openly opposed the war and even betrayed the Union to help the South. During this time the Republicans formed a temporary alliance with the War Democrats, this new party was known as the Union Party. They chose a Republican Party presidential candidate with a War Democratic Party vice presidential candidate. The Union party, even though it only lasted for the duration of the war, was a unique time in American History. Never have two parties come together to support a common cause rejecting selfish notions of power and working beyond their differences to safe the nation. After the Civil war the Democratic Party rejoined as the main opposition of the Republican Party. While their presidential candidates stand little chance of being elected, strong third parties have promoted concepts and policies that were an important part of social and political lives. The Populist and Socialist parties support for reduced working hours led to the Fair Labor Standards Act. These two parties also supported a progressive tax system that would base a personÃ¢â¬â¢s tax liability on their amount of income. This idea led to the ratification of the 16th amendment. The Progressive party, or the Bull Moose party, promoted womenÃ¢â¬â¢s suffrage and was eventually supported by both Democratic and Republican parties which ratified the19th Amendment giving women the right to vote. The Socialist Party furthermore supported a fund to provide temporary compensation for the unemployed. The idea led to the creation of laws establishing unemployment insurance and the Social Security Act. The American Independent party advocated getting tough on crime. The Republican Party adopted the idea in its platform and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act was the result. From the Revolution to Reconstruction, political parties unified people sharing the same basic principles into a means for change. There has always been one party in the United States party system that was always a strict interpreter of the Constitution and wanted to limit the growing power of the federal government. The other favored a Constitutional interpretation using the elastic clause as a way of increasing federal power. Throughout the first half of American history parties evolved from mere alliances of convenience of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists to the complex political machines of the Democrats, Whigs, and later the Republicans. Though the names of political parties have changed over time there have always been groups of people united to further their own ideological ends. Bibliography USA Today. The Parties. 999-2000. Pearson Education. Presidential Elections. 1789-2004. 2007. Berg-Anderson, Richard E. A Brief History of American Major Parties. May21, 2001. http://www. thegreenpapers. com/Hx/AmericanMajorParties. html Hockett, Homer Carey. Political and Social Growth of the American People. New York: The Mackmillon Company, 1944. Garner, Richard L. Stebbins, Phillip E. Individualism and Community. The Pennsylvania State University, 1975. Hicks, John D. The American Nation. Univ ersity of California, Berkeley1941. How to cite Political Party History, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Describe about the Legal factors of Germany and Foreign Direct Investment. Answer: Introduction Globalization is very common in the present business world. However, before entering in any country; it is very important that business environment of that country is effectively analyzed. This report is based on the analysis of political, legal, and economic environment of the Germany. In this report, it explains the countrys attractiveness for FDI. It focuses on the major factors of the country that attracts foreign direct investment in the country. The purpose of the report is to critically analyzing the important factors that influence the attractiveness of Germany for the Foreign Direct Investment. Analysis of factors that attracts FDI in Germany Political and economical factors Germany is a well established democracy that has administrative rights and responsiblities shared between the executive, judiciary, and legislature. Development of the political party in the year 2013 aims to stablise the country in the future elections. It also ties with France in the areas of defense and energy. The Federal government of country grants attractive tax subsidies to all foreign investors to acquire the new buildings for a period of minimum 1 year in the service sector industries and get the benefit of tax subsidy of 25% to 27.5% for small and medium enterprise (SME) that employs more than 250 employees in the company (Uchenna, 2016). A competitive tax policy framed by the government helps companies to create more investment opportunities for FDI in the country. These flexible innovative policies framed by the Federal Republic of Germany attract FDI in the country. Due to the strong Federal Republic of Germany and shared administrative powers, the country has a well maintained culture and education. All the important policies such fiscal, monetary and defense policies are formulated by the Federal Republic and implemented. The government of the country made the flexible policies and projects to attract the FDI in the country. Recently the country launched the Investment Guarantee Scheme by the Federal Republic of Germany that aims to attract the foreign investments from the different emerging countries to get the guaranteed return in the areas of Automobile, technology, and infrastructure sector. Various countries participate in the international summit and invested 7.9 billion Euros in the country and get the huge revenues. Below given table indicates the participated countries and their investments in the country (Barringtyon, 2016). Table 1: (Source: Paul, 2012) Indicated the various investments in the different sectors by the foreign countries in Germany As per the above table indicated that the political stability of the country is strong, due to centralizing control of the government that makes the flexible policies to attract the foreign investments. Germany government has also framed the policy for all foreign investors for free access to investment in all sectors and gets 100% ownership of the business in public sectors and national bodies such as mail, telecommunication, and others (Wren and Jones, 2012). Germany is the fifth largest economy in the world and largest in the Europe, accounting for one fifth of the European Unions GDP. It is a very liberal social market economy (Leino and Ali-Yrkk, 2014). Automobile and technology sector majorly contributes to the countrys economy. Due to this technological advancement, many countries are invests in the diverse sectors of the economy. It is top 10 in the world economic forums for global competitiveness index. The main reason for its highly competitive economy lies in the manufacturing sector. It gives ample of benefits to the investors regarding high quality manufacturing at competitive prices in international markets. Another benefit for FDI to invest in this country is that GDP growth rate of the country is increased 2.2% in last quarter which is far better than the developed economies like China and Russia. Moreover, machinery and engineering process are customized and innovative that gives long term benefits to the investors in the l ong run. The country has cheap labor costs and highly skilled workforce with the best quality of work in the areas of technology, manufacturing, and automobiles. On the other side, the main barrier to the economic growth in the country is infrastructure such as bridges, trains tracks, waterways that affect the economic growth.1.5% of the GDP is spent on the maintenance of infrastructure (CIA, 2015). These infrastructure constraints force industries to move somewhere else. Another factor is that the lower interest rates of banks enable to a massive supply of liquidity in the market. Low-interest rates lead to the risks for the banks and financial institutions and it is unattractive for foreign investments due to a decrease in currencys relative value .Below given figure and table indicates the attractiveness of FDI and economic condition of the country in various sectors. Table 2: (Source: Wagner and Disparte, 2016) Table shown the different indicators and GDP rate of the countrys economy As per the above-given table, it indicates the number of factors that contributes to the economy to make it competitive and attractiveness of FDI in the host country. Legal Factors Germany is legally very effectively established at the federal, state, and regional levels, and with the legal system is such that it provides strong investment and freedom for business. Its legal system is a civil law system with indigenous concepts. The German business law is governed by the principle of economies freedom. Various laws such as EU and international law have influenced the legal system of Germany. However, the countries taxation system was exploited by wealthy and multinationals which are harmful to the government of german. It has various challenges for the country such as the licensing system which is a threat to the future investment in the service sector for the country (Moran, 2012). As a result, the legal stability of the country attracts the foreign companies to invest and promote entrepreneurial activity in Germany. Foreign investment of german was mainly focused on developed countries that are the target regions for German exports. The German FDI for the Eur opean neighbor countries is strong. The legal framework for FDI in Germany favors the principle of the freedom of trade and payment transaction. There are certain factors that affect the countrys foreign direct investment such as wage rates as the country has the high wage rate and it attracts the higher tech investment. Moreover, labor skills also affect the FDI as this makes the attractive place for outsourcing and it also helps in doing investment in the country. The tax rate also affects the country as more companies invest in the country which has low corporation tax rate. For example, companies like Apple, Google, and Microsoft invests is sought to invest in the country as Germany has the lower corporation tax rate. A key factor is the transport costs and the levels of infrastructure as the country have low labor cost as it is beneficial that other countries invest for supplying of goods (Azman-Saini, Baharumshah, and Law, 2010). Furthermore, FDI is targeted to selling the goods directly to the country which is i nvolved in attracting the investment. The political stability of the country is also the major factor which attracts the FDI to invest in the country but the countries with an uncertain political situation will be a major problem as no other will be ready for investing in the country. It is related to the trust especially judiciary and the extent of law and order. For the country, Germany EU is seen as the signal for political and economic stability which helps in encouraging the foreign investment. The main reason for the foreign investment is the existence of the commodities and it is the major factor for foreign direct investment. Additionally, the exchange rate will also be helpful for the host country to attract the FDI because it will be cheaper for the multinational companies to purchase the assets (Derado, 2013). Lastly, clustering effects is also the major FDI factor for the country which attracts the other countries to invest. There are again different factors that determi ne foreign direct investment such as free trade areas which is used to invest in the EU single market which is a free trade market. Conclusion: From the above-given study, it is concluded that the Germany is the vibrant location for the FDI and from the analysis of the important factors such as political, legal and economical; it is considered that the tendency of stability exists in these factors that attract FDI in the host country. References: Uchenna, E. (2016). Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards. IGI Global: USA Barringtyon, L. (2016). Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices. Cengage Learning: USA EWI (2016) Foreign Direct Investment. Retrieved from https://www.economicswebinstitute.org/glossary/fdi.htm Paul, J. J. W. (2012). Market-oriented Systemic Transformations in Eastern Europe: Problems, Theoretical Issues, and Policy Options. Springer Science Business Media: Germany Wren, C. and Jones, J. (2012). Foreign Direct Investment and the Regional Economy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. USA Leino, T., and Ali-Yrkk, J. (2014). 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