Sunday, May 24, 2020

Cartesian Rationalism Vs. Locke s Empiricism Essay

Running Head: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Introduction to Philosophy Name Institution INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Cartesian rationalism vs. Locke’s empiricism Rene Descartes was a rationalist who believed that knowledge of the world can be gained by the exercise of pure reason, while empiricist like Locke believed that knowledge of the world came through senses. Descartes from his meditations deduced from intuitive first principles the existence of self, of God, of the mind as a thinking substance and the extended body as a material substance whereas Locke, asserts that knowledge is acquired through perception, direct sensory of the world, reflections, the mental processes of breaking down complex impressions into simple ones and comparing them, conceptualizing them and recommending them to form new philosophies. The two philosophers namely Descartes and Locke vary greatly on the issue of the source of knowledge. Descartes doesn’t believe in knowledge arising from experience while Locke also doesn’t agree with the issue of the existence of inherent ideas in the mind. Both Descartes and Locke are skeptics about the possibility of certain knowledge. Descartes is a rationalist who believes that there is definitely certain knowledge and human reasoning is the only source of that knowledge while LockeShow MoreRelatedThe Principles Of Empiricism And The Spirit Behind It2295 Words   |  10 PagesCritical Reasoning Essay 3: British Empiricism with particular reference to Locke’s theory of ideas – the basic principles of empiricism and the spirit behind it; Locke’s theory of the origin and types of ideas and the problems it gave rise to. Locke, John, An Essay concerning human understanding, Everyman, 1961: Book 1, of Innate ideas, Book 2, chapter 1, of ideas in gen eral and their original, Berkeley, George, A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge. Empiricists endorse the idea

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Movie Analysis The Game - 989 Words

The game toggles back and forth with scenes that put the player in control of exploring the environment as well as following the games guideline. There lyes a moral misconception in the game where the player is introduced to believe their decisions effect a different outcome to how the storyline will turn out. Once starting each episode, a black screen displays the words, â€Å"This game series adapts to the choices you make. The story is tailored by how you play†. On the contrary to this seemingly straightforward statement, no matter how believable the game makes it seem, the players â€Å"online† experience fades in and out. The player originally feels obligated to be responsible for certain characters traumatic deaths, but in actuality of the game, is not since the outcome is pre-planned regardless of choice. Offline and online continuity (swapping back an forth between â€Å"online† and â€Å"offline†) proves the false justification of â€Å"The Walki ng Dead[s]† claims and puts the player in seemingly relevant irrelevant scenarios. Telltales game exploits the players empathy that causes the player to think they are following an inter(re)activity through irrelevant decision making. An article by Smethurst, Toby, and Stef Craps, â€Å"Playing with Trauma: Interreactivity, Empathy and Complicity in The Walking Dead Video Game.†, suggests the â€Å"games ability to involve the player in the game world through inter(re)activity†(Smethurst and Craps). Smethurst and Craps illuminate on complicity, whereShow MoreRelatedMovie Analysis : The Game 1829 Words   |  8 Pagesrole-playing game takes place on the historical planet of Mars, which is surprisingly teeming with life, similar to Spiders previous game, Mars: War Logs. Technomancer puts you in the shoes of an infamous technomancer, Zachariah, who later becomes a wanted man after being forced to flee his home, the Abundance, one of the many corporations on Mars, later ingame. The game, like many other role-playing games, starts you off with the creation of your character. Though where this game differs fromRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 891 Words   |  4 PagesSummarize the movie from a sociological perspective (approximately 1 page) : In the film of The Hunger Games, there are districts that are stratified, the bottom of the districts are those with the least amount of resources to survive. Those at the top control the resources by hosting an annual game that will test the strength and courage of two youth, â€Å"tributes,† to survive in a human hunting game. One male and one female are chosen at random from each district to participate in the game. There willRead MoreCritical Analysis Of The Movie Hunger Games1291 Words   |  6 PagesIn this essay, I will do a critical analysis of the movie â€Å"Hunger Games,† the short story â€Å"The Story of an Hour,† and Taylor Swift’s music video â€Å"Look What Y ou Make Me Do† in terms of the use of symbolism, and the new self. The Hunger Games  follows 16-year-old  Katniss Everdeen, a girl from District 12 who volunteers for the 74th Hunger Games in place of her younger sister  Primrose Everdeen. The games itself is a competition to see who’s the strongest. The story of an Hour is a short story that describesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 2215 Words   |  9 PagesChange in Feminism in the Cinema World The Hunger Games which is directed by Garry Ross is story in land of Panem which has grown out of the cadaverous ruins of what one time was known as North America, 74 years ago. The capitol introduced the hunger games as a reminder to the twelve districts of its authority and punishment for rebellion. Every year a boy and a girl from each district, who are known as Tributes, and they are of aged between 12 and 18. The names are chosen randomly in reaping ceremoniesRead MoreMovie Analysis : Video Games Essay2102 Words   |  9 Pagesuprising--it’s video games. The twenty-first century as we all know is the age of the millennials and technology plays a huge role in everyone s life as it continues to improve as we advance through the years. One major concept that separates storytelling in books and movies from video games is that in video games, you are the character. You are put in the experience and call the shots on the decisions that the character has to make in the game. T he main thing that is so captivating about video games is thatRead MoreThe Hunger Games Movie Analysis1935 Words   |  8 PagesHunger Games directed by Gary Ross, it focuses primarily on the protagonist, Katniss Everdeen, who volunteers to partake the Hunger games tribute that occurs once a year. Every year in each district, each of the two members of each gender is selected to fight the annual Hunger Games. Katniss intends to be the center of attention of this film, which gives the audiences a better insight of the movie, also revealing additional themes that the author is trying to convey. At first sight, this movie mayRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Hunger Games 2249 Words   |  9 Pagesbecause it determines which boy and girl, ages 12 to 18, will serve as the district’s tributes in the Hunger Games. Each of the 12 districts must draw two tributes, and those tributes are sent to an arena where they fight to the death until only one tribute remains alive. The victor’s district is given gifts, mainly food, and the victor returns home. The Capitol of Panem puts on the Games to remind and punish the 12 districts of the Dark Days, which was when the 13th district was destroyed for attemptingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Nina s Games 1652 Words   |  7 Pagesto them based on a true story game. Some are pretty silly and other are serious but most meet in the middle of those two but they are all honest about the topics that they are covering without sugar coating it. One of her most notable game that just went absolutely went viral last year is a ga me called How Do You Do It. Where you play as a young version of Nina and are mashing these dolls together to trying to figure out how sex works. Cibele like most off Nina’s games is on a true story about herselfRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Return Streak And Winning A Playoff Game 967 Words   |  4 Pagesbreaking Manassas’s losing streak and winning a playoff game. In this documentary there was a mental skill that stood out the most, in particular, group dynamics/ cohesion. Throughout the team’s football season coach Courtney helps the boys feel closer with their fellow teammates, thus, resulting in each individual to look out for one another. With that said, in the movie the team worked together to achieve a common goal which was to win a playoff game while also working on individual interpersonal relationshipsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Imitation Game By Alan Turing1334 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is socially appropriate? How or more so who decides what is appropriate? These questions have been asked, debated, and fought over since the dawn of civilization. The rhetor of the movie The Imitation Game integrates these questions into the true story of Alan Turing and the people around him. The rhetor allows these questions of appropriateness to be narrowed down to two very influential people in history to give these large, foundat ional questions a more personal touch, and for the audience

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Political Party History Free Essays

Political Party History Before the Democrat and Republican parties began their reign over American politics, political parties were constantly changing. The first parties resembled faction’s more than actual parties. The nation’s politicians were known to crowd together around a particular issue. We will write a custom essay sample on Political Party History or any similar topic only for you Order Now These were usually a reflection of social living in America. A change in political parties meant a change in the way Americans were living their lives. Strong third parties also helped influence the Democrat and Republican parties after they gained control. Though the names of parties change over time, there have always been two groups of people taking opposite sides of a common cause. The political party originated when the debate of ratifying the constitution arose. There was a split in the idea of how this new country should be governed. On one side was the federalist, who were mostly supported by the upper class. The wealthy property owners felt susceptible to the open government that was starting to be formed. They wanted to protect their political power. On the other hand the anti-federalists, made up of the lower classes, felt that a stronger central government would create a great deal of corruption as well as threaten the power of the people. These two factions eventually separated into two parties. The first was pushed by Alexander Hamilton and kept the Federalist name. Hamilton believed in a strong national government having most of the authority. Hamilton wanted a strong industrialized country with close ties to the mother country of England. Thomas Jefferson fronted the second party that was named the Democratic-republicans. Jefferson believed in an unpretentious central government giving most authority to the individual states. Jefferson wanted to keep away from the possible corruption of industry and therefore promoted an agrarian based economy. The Federalist Party quickly came to an end when a split in the party occurred due to the controversial presidency of John Adams. With no opposition the Democratic Republicans gradually faded away. This time period consisting of no parties was known as the Era of Good Feelings. With the new idea of universal white male suffrage, which gave the right to vote to all white men in the United States, there was a permanent shift in power. Prospective politicians could no longer only favor the propertied classes; instead they now had to focus on the middle and lower classes concerns. This profound shift helped invigorate a new party, the Democratic Republicans led by Andrew Jackson. The Democratic Republicans believed that the country should be governed under strict adherence to the Constitution. They were against a national banking system. They were also against federally sponsored internal improvements because they felt it would be unwarranted interference and unconstitutional. The opposing side was the National Republicans and was led by John Adams. This party believed in supporting the national bank and favored all internal improvements. The National Republicans were also advocates of a strong central government. Eventually the National Republicans joined forces with many other disparate groups to form The Whig Party. The Democratic Republican Party shortened its name to the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party still favored a limited national government as well as the ideals of agrarianism. Democrats were farmers who believed in the right to own slaves and favored territorial expansion. As transportation improvements increased commercialization and the new democratic politics drew people out of localism into larger networks, questions about national unity arose. Because the Constitution left the federal structure ambiguous all sectional disagreements automatically became constitutional issues. This brought out the great issue of nationalism vs. sectionalism. The opposing side named themselves the Whig Party. The Whigs drew their strength from the growing industrial class. Most Whigs were entrepreneurs who favored urban growth and free labor. The Whigs party beliefs were that of industrialization, they wanted to expand commercially and were in favor of federally sponsored internal improvements in the form of road and waterways. Ultimately the issues over slavery caused the separation of the Whig Party. The Kansas-Nebraska Act divided the Democratic Party. The Act opened up Kansas and Nebraska to deciding their slave status based on popular sovereignty. This angered both the north and the south. By repealing the Compromise of 1820, the Act convinced Northerners that the South was attempting to ensure slavery’s dominance in the United States. The South saw Northern attempts to influence Kansas into voting against slavery as trying to disturb the balance of power. The backlash of the act caused the Democratic Party to split along sectionalist lines and created the Republican Party. This was the Nations first major party created along sectional lines. The new Republican Parties main goal was to stop the spread of slavery into the new territories. The party also wanted to establish a tariff that would protect the countries growing industry; furthermore they wanted to give poor pioneers the ability to own the land they settled in. The Southern Democrats made it abundantly clear that if a Republican won the Presidency the South would secede from the Union to preserve its rights. Shortly after the Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860 the South seceded from the union. The South was afraid that a Republican President would eradicate their right to own slaves. The Democrats remained fractionalized during the Civil War. The Northern remnants of the party split into three. First was the War Democrats who supported the civil war. Second, the Peace Democrats who wanted a quick political settlement with the South. Third, the Copperheads who openly opposed the war and even betrayed the Union to help the South. During this time the Republicans formed a temporary alliance with the War Democrats, this new party was known as the Union Party. They chose a Republican Party presidential candidate with a War Democratic Party vice presidential candidate. The Union party, even though it only lasted for the duration of the war, was a unique time in American History. Never have two parties come together to support a common cause rejecting selfish notions of power and working beyond their differences to safe the nation. After the Civil war the Democratic Party rejoined as the main opposition of the Republican Party. While their presidential candidates stand little chance of being elected, strong third parties have promoted concepts and policies that were an important part of social and political lives. The Populist and Socialist parties support for reduced working hours led to the Fair Labor Standards Act. These two parties also supported a progressive tax system that would base a person’s tax liability on their amount of income. This idea led to the ratification of the 16th amendment. The Progressive party, or the Bull Moose party, promoted women’s suffrage and was eventually supported by both Democratic and Republican parties which ratified the19th Amendment giving women the right to vote. The Socialist Party furthermore supported a fund to provide temporary compensation for the unemployed. The idea led to the creation of laws establishing unemployment insurance and the Social Security Act. The American Independent party advocated getting tough on crime. The Republican Party adopted the idea in its platform and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act was the result. From the Revolution to Reconstruction, political parties unified people sharing the same basic principles into a means for change. There has always been one party in the United States party system that was always a strict interpreter of the Constitution and wanted to limit the growing power of the federal government. The other favored a Constitutional interpretation using the elastic clause as a way of increasing federal power. Throughout the first half of American history parties evolved from mere alliances of convenience of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists to the complex political machines of the Democrats, Whigs, and later the Republicans. Though the names of political parties have changed over time there have always been groups of people united to further their own ideological ends. Bibliography USA Today. The Parties. 999-2000. Pearson Education. Presidential Elections. 1789-2004. 2007. Berg-Anderson, Richard E. A Brief History of American Major Parties. May21, 2001. http://www. thegreenpapers. com/Hx/AmericanMajorParties. html Hockett, Homer Carey. Political and Social Growth of the American People. New York: The Mackmillon Company, 1944. Garner, Richard L. Stebbins, Phillip E. Individualism and Community. The Pennsylvania State University, 1975. Hicks, John D. The American Nation. Univ ersity of California, Berkeley1941. How to cite Political Party History, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Legal factors of Germany and Foreign Direct Investment

Question: Describe about the Legal factors of Germany and Foreign Direct Investment. Answer: Introduction Globalization is very common in the present business world. However, before entering in any country; it is very important that business environment of that country is effectively analyzed. This report is based on the analysis of political, legal, and economic environment of the Germany. In this report, it explains the countrys attractiveness for FDI. It focuses on the major factors of the country that attracts foreign direct investment in the country. The purpose of the report is to critically analyzing the important factors that influence the attractiveness of Germany for the Foreign Direct Investment. Analysis of factors that attracts FDI in Germany Political and economical factors Germany is a well established democracy that has administrative rights and responsiblities shared between the executive, judiciary, and legislature. Development of the political party in the year 2013 aims to stablise the country in the future elections. It also ties with France in the areas of defense and energy. The Federal government of country grants attractive tax subsidies to all foreign investors to acquire the new buildings for a period of minimum 1 year in the service sector industries and get the benefit of tax subsidy of 25% to 27.5% for small and medium enterprise (SME) that employs more than 250 employees in the company (Uchenna, 2016). A competitive tax policy framed by the government helps companies to create more investment opportunities for FDI in the country. These flexible innovative policies framed by the Federal Republic of Germany attract FDI in the country. Due to the strong Federal Republic of Germany and shared administrative powers, the country has a well maintained culture and education. All the important policies such fiscal, monetary and defense policies are formulated by the Federal Republic and implemented. The government of the country made the flexible policies and projects to attract the FDI in the country. Recently the country launched the Investment Guarantee Scheme by the Federal Republic of Germany that aims to attract the foreign investments from the different emerging countries to get the guaranteed return in the areas of Automobile, technology, and infrastructure sector. Various countries participate in the international summit and invested 7.9 billion Euros in the country and get the huge revenues. Below given table indicates the participated countries and their investments in the country (Barringtyon, 2016). Table 1: (Source: Paul, 2012) Indicated the various investments in the different sectors by the foreign countries in Germany As per the above table indicated that the political stability of the country is strong, due to centralizing control of the government that makes the flexible policies to attract the foreign investments. Germany government has also framed the policy for all foreign investors for free access to investment in all sectors and gets 100% ownership of the business in public sectors and national bodies such as mail, telecommunication, and others (Wren and Jones, 2012). Germany is the fifth largest economy in the world and largest in the Europe, accounting for one fifth of the European Unions GDP. It is a very liberal social market economy (Leino and Ali-Yrkk, 2014). Automobile and technology sector majorly contributes to the countrys economy. Due to this technological advancement, many countries are invests in the diverse sectors of the economy. It is top 10 in the world economic forums for global competitiveness index. The main reason for its highly competitive economy lies in the manufacturing sector. It gives ample of benefits to the investors regarding high quality manufacturing at competitive prices in international markets. Another benefit for FDI to invest in this country is that GDP growth rate of the country is increased 2.2% in last quarter which is far better than the developed economies like China and Russia. Moreover, machinery and engineering process are customized and innovative that gives long term benefits to the investors in the l ong run. The country has cheap labor costs and highly skilled workforce with the best quality of work in the areas of technology, manufacturing, and automobiles. On the other side, the main barrier to the economic growth in the country is infrastructure such as bridges, trains tracks, waterways that affect the economic growth.1.5% of the GDP is spent on the maintenance of infrastructure (CIA, 2015). These infrastructure constraints force industries to move somewhere else. Another factor is that the lower interest rates of banks enable to a massive supply of liquidity in the market. Low-interest rates lead to the risks for the banks and financial institutions and it is unattractive for foreign investments due to a decrease in currencys relative value .Below given figure and table indicates the attractiveness of FDI and economic condition of the country in various sectors. Table 2: (Source: Wagner and Disparte, 2016) Table shown the different indicators and GDP rate of the countrys economy As per the above-given table, it indicates the number of factors that contributes to the economy to make it competitive and attractiveness of FDI in the host country. Legal Factors Germany is legally very effectively established at the federal, state, and regional levels, and with the legal system is such that it provides strong investment and freedom for business. Its legal system is a civil law system with indigenous concepts. The German business law is governed by the principle of economies freedom. Various laws such as EU and international law have influenced the legal system of Germany. However, the countries taxation system was exploited by wealthy and multinationals which are harmful to the government of german. It has various challenges for the country such as the licensing system which is a threat to the future investment in the service sector for the country (Moran, 2012). As a result, the legal stability of the country attracts the foreign companies to invest and promote entrepreneurial activity in Germany. Foreign investment of german was mainly focused on developed countries that are the target regions for German exports. The German FDI for the Eur opean neighbor countries is strong. The legal framework for FDI in Germany favors the principle of the freedom of trade and payment transaction. There are certain factors that affect the countrys foreign direct investment such as wage rates as the country has the high wage rate and it attracts the higher tech investment. Moreover, labor skills also affect the FDI as this makes the attractive place for outsourcing and it also helps in doing investment in the country. The tax rate also affects the country as more companies invest in the country which has low corporation tax rate. For example, companies like Apple, Google, and Microsoft invests is sought to invest in the country as Germany has the lower corporation tax rate. A key factor is the transport costs and the levels of infrastructure as the country have low labor cost as it is beneficial that other countries invest for supplying of goods (Azman-Saini, Baharumshah, and Law, 2010). Furthermore, FDI is targeted to selling the goods directly to the country which is i nvolved in attracting the investment. The political stability of the country is also the major factor which attracts the FDI to invest in the country but the countries with an uncertain political situation will be a major problem as no other will be ready for investing in the country. It is related to the trust especially judiciary and the extent of law and order. For the country, Germany EU is seen as the signal for political and economic stability which helps in encouraging the foreign investment. The main reason for the foreign investment is the existence of the commodities and it is the major factor for foreign direct investment. Additionally, the exchange rate will also be helpful for the host country to attract the FDI because it will be cheaper for the multinational companies to purchase the assets (Derado, 2013). Lastly, clustering effects is also the major FDI factor for the country which attracts the other countries to invest. There are again different factors that determi ne foreign direct investment such as free trade areas which is used to invest in the EU single market which is a free trade market. Conclusion: From the above-given study, it is concluded that the Germany is the vibrant location for the FDI and from the analysis of the important factors such as political, legal and economical; it is considered that the tendency of stability exists in these factors that attract FDI in the host country. References: Uchenna, E. (2016). Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards. IGI Global: USA Barringtyon, L. (2016). Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices. Cengage Learning: USA EWI (2016) Foreign Direct Investment. Retrieved from Paul, J. J. W. (2012). Market-oriented Systemic Transformations in Eastern Europe: Problems, Theoretical Issues, and Policy Options. Springer Science Business Media: Germany Wren, C. and Jones, J. (2012). Foreign Direct Investment and the Regional Economy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. USA Leino, T., and Ali-Yrkk, J. (2014). How well does foreign direct investment measure real investment by foreign-owned companies?Firm-level analysis.Firm-Level Analysis (May 15, 2014). Bank of Finland Research Discussion Paper, (12). Central intelligence Agency (2015). The world Factbook. USA: Government printing office Wagner, D. and Disparte, D. (2016). Global Risk Agility and Decision Making: Organizational Resilience in the Era of Man-Made Risk. Springer: USA Azman-Saini, W.N.W., Baharumshah, A.Z. and Law, S.H. (2010). Foreign direct investment, economic freedom and economic growth: International evidence. Economic Modelling, 27(5), 1079-1089. Derado, D. (2013). Determinants of FDI in transition countries and estimation of the potential level of Croatian FDI. Financial Theory and Practice, 37(3), 227-258. Foster, N.G. and Sule, S. (2010). German legal system and laws. USA: Oxford University Press. Moran, (2012).Foreign Direct Investment. USA: John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

The Lust For Power How Politics and Personal Rela Essay Example For Students

The Lust For Power: How Politics and Personal Rela Essay tions Become OneThe Lust For Power: How Politics and Personal Relations Become OneWILLIAM YAOThe stories of the Bible reveal a pattern of ups and downs for thenation of Israel. A period of prosperity, faithfulness and fearing God wouldalmost always be followed by a period of destitution, lawlessness and idolatry. This recurring cycle can be linked to political authority, and the level ofseparation of political authority from other influences. The successfulstruggle for liberation under the leadership of Moses and the glorious conquestof Canaan under Joshua instilled a fresh breeze of hope and a renewed faith inGod in the nation of Israel. Guided by God, the nation of Israel met withunprecedented success as they journeyed to the promised land. During this time,political authority among the Israelites rested in the hands of patriarchs, orprominent members within the tribes. These men were righteous figures ofauthority, chosen by God, to lead His people and to teach His ways. The successthat swept over the Israelites was short-lived, however, and for the next twohundred years the people of Israel struggled against neighboring tribes. Thenew generation of Israelites knew neither the Lord nor what he did for Israel(Judges 2:10). They began to do evil in the eyes of the Lord by worshippingother god s and engaging in various sexual activities. To save His people fromtheir enemies and from their evil ways, God raised up judges to rescue them(Judges 2:16). These so-called judges had the political authority vested inthem to lead the people of Israel and to save them from their sins. Theymobilized the people of Israel against invasions of the tribes all around them. We will write a custom essay on The Lust For Power: How Politics and Personal Rela specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now At this time, the nation of Israel was nothing more than a loose confederationof twelve tribes. Israel had no central authority, which meant no unity, noorganization and no power. During the period of the judges, there was no needfor a central government, because the people of Israel were able to defend theirtribal territories effectively against adjoining peoples. Whenever there was athreat from a neighboring tribe, God sent a judge to lead the Israelites againsttheir enemies. As this era came to an end, however, the Israelites were facedwith a much larger problem the Philistines military threat. As theIsraelites were eliminating all the small powers around them, the Philistines,with their iron implements and organization, were becoming an emergent threat. In order to protect themselves from the looming danger of the Philistine army,the Israelites asked for a king to furnish unification, organization and powerfor the nation of Israel. God granted their request, and Samuel reluctantlyappointed Saul in Gods name. The kings function was to provide leadership andto unify the people against their enemies. However, the responsibilities,powers and privileges that came with kingship overwhelmingly went beyond thescope of politics. The personal relationships between the king and his peoplebecame increasingly involved with government. With the rise of the monarchycame a definite change in political authority. As Israel changed from theperiod of judges to the period of the monarchy, politics and political authoritybecame increasingly associated with personal relationships. In the period ofthe monarchs, the separation between politics and personal matters was no longerdelineated as it was before, and politics and personal relations becameinterrela ted. Whenever the Lord raised up a judge for them, he was with the judge andsaved them out of the hands of their enemies as long as the judge lived (Judges2:18). God sent judges to lead the Israelites in the process of consolidatingtribal areas and defense against organized enemies. The judges led theIsraelites into battle and also served as reminders to the people to obey theword of God. It is needless to say then, that the judges were leaders of theIsraelites during desperate times. The main reason why a clear distinctionbetween personal relations and political authority during the period of thejudges was possible , was that there was no succession of judges. God chosejudges to lead Israel against its enemies only when they were in need ofleadership and guidance, and in doing so, there was no power struggle or fightfor the crown. There was no specific person next in line to lead theIsraelites, because the only thing important to them at that time was defendingthemselves against neighbor ing powers. It was of no concern to the Israeliteswho the leader was, as long as the leader was competent and effective. Anothercharacteristic of the judges rule that compensated for the separation ofpolitics and personal matters was the brevity of their leadership. Whereas amonarch would remain ruler of the land after conquest, the judges served only asa sort of temporary relief for the nation of Israel.After fulfilling theirassignment as leaders of the Israelites against their adversaries during timesof emergency, they would humble themselves before God and before the Israelites. It is clear that the judges possessed political authority over the Israelites,but rarely did they allow personal matters and relationships to interfere withgovernment. Only in the case of Samson did his personal relationships anddesires come in the way of political authority.There were twelve judges inall, but the Bible pays most of its attention to three of the twelve: Deborah,Gideon, and Samson. .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .postImageUrl , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:hover , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:visited , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:active { border:0!important; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:active , .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1 .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4bd02a964d13e5076d0d56fc3c77dea1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: John Coltrane EssayDeborah, the only woman leader of the judges, won unquestioned respect. She commanded Barak, son of Abinoam, to battle Sisera, the commander of thearmy of King Jabin. Throughout the story of her triumph, not once was Deborahspersonal relations mentioned. It can be assumed then, that Deborah kept herpersonal relations separate from her political leadership, and was focused onone thing and one thing only the defeat of Jabin and the Canaanites. Forty years of peace ensued after Deborahs military victory, and thenthe people of Israel again began to fall into sin and were overcome once again,this time by the Midianites. God raised up Gideon to direct the people ofIsrael against the Midianites. Gideon defeated the Midianites, and in doing so,was offered an opportunity to be king. However, Gideon declined the opportunityto rule declaring I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. TheLord will rule over you (Judges 8:23). The lack of succession of judges isparallel to the separation of politics and personal relations. There wasevidently no power struggle among the Israelites, because even when offered thepower to rule, Gideon declined. There was no fight for succession of leadershipbecause there was no succession of leadership. The story of Samson can be seen as the transition from the period ofjudges to the period of the monarchy. Samson, although the most gifted of thejudges, had a tragic flaw; he was pitifully unable to control his lust for women. Samsons personal desire for women affected his ability to reason, and thushindered his ability to lead the people of Israel. With his great physicalstrength and hot temper, Samson single-handedly pushed back the Philistines more by accident than by intention. . He was eventually betrayed and ruined bya woman due to his boisterous wildness and careless encounter with Delilah. Godintended Samson for great things. Of all the judges, he was the only one to beannounced by an angel before he was born (Judges 13:3). He was givensupernatural abilities, and his life was specially devoted to God. However,despite all these advantages given to him at birth, his uncontrollable desirefor woman destroyed him. His personal relations destroyed his prospects ofbecoming a great leader among the Israelites. Samsons desire for womenoverpowered his desire to deliver the Israelites out of the hands of thePhilistines, and this led to his tragic downfall. The story of Samson vaguelyforeshadows the connection between politics and personal relations in the periodof the monarchs. It acts as a link joining a period when politics and personalrelations are clearly defined and separate, and a period when they areindistinct and inseparable. Nearing the end of the period of the judges, the Israelites began tonotice that virtually every other nation had a king, while Isarael was nothingmore than an alliance of scattered tribes . The rising power of the Philistinesand other imminent threats to Israelite security impelled the Israelites to askfor a king. A king offered two advantages: first, a king would provide centralgovernment, therefore providing unity and organization; and second, since a kingwould normally be succeeded by his sons, the nation did not have a crisis ofleadership every its leader became old. God despondently granted the wish ofHis people and gave them a king. Samuel anointed Saul as king of Israel, andthe people were satisfied. Military success went hand in hand with bringing thetribes together in one united country, but when the desire for succession of thecrown came into play, personal relations and government become one. Saul was successful as king of Israel until David proved to be a threatto the crown. After David defeated Goliath of the Philistines, the people sangaloud Saul has slain his thousands, and David his tens of thousands (1 Samuel18:7). Saul thus became jealous of David, for he could not stand to be secondbest in a nation he calls his own. From that point thereafter, Sauls politicalauthority and leadership was no longer concentrated on the good of the nationand the welfare of his people, but rather he focused his efforts on keeping ajealous eye on David (1 Samuel 18:11), and David remained his enemy the restof his days (1 Samuel 18:29). Saul spent the rest of his days searching forDavid in attempts to kill him so that he may regain the respect of his people,and in doing so killed many innocent bystanders that got in his way. This rashoutrage of jealousy and personal hatred for David was critically associated withpolitics. While Saul could have directed his efforts toward the betterment o fIsrael, he was after personal benefit, and this led to his eventual collapse. .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .postImageUrl , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:hover , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:visited , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:active { border:0!important; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:active , .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921 .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7f28a03022fc3e958953808921cb5921:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Is ethnography a suitable meth EssayDavid, having unconditional respect for Saul, spared his life twice, and thusallowed Saul to further pursue him. Saul eventually dies, however, and David ismade king over the house of Judah. Although Davids reign was better than that of Sauls, he too hadproblems. Ish-Bosheth is the threat to the throne this time, while Ish-Bosheths general Abner is a threat to him. Abner slept with Sauls concubine,therefore openly making a claim on the crown. In Davids time, women acted aspolitical symbols. Abners sleeping with Sauls concubine suggested that he hadhis eyes on becoming king himself. In pursuit of David, Abner killed thebrother of Joab, Davids general. As a result Joab had a personal vendettaagainst Abner and was after his life. When Ish-Bosheth was murdered, and it wasevident that David was going to become the next king, Joab murdered Abner. Itis not difficult to see that this soap opera of events is due to the fact thatpersonal relations and politics were interrelated. Either personal relationseffected a political change, or politics effected a change in personal relations. After David is crowned king of Israel, he had problems of the same nature. David, seeing the alluring Bathsheba, wanted her for his own immediately. Heblatantly disregarded the fact that she had a husband, Uriah, and took her forhis wife, having Uriah killed in the process. This corrupt use of politicalauthority demonstrates how political authority and personal relations are linked. Davids son, Absalom, also had his eyes on the throne. He led a conspiracyagainst his father by traveling all over Israel winning the favor of the people,and he also slept with his fathers concubines in public. Absalom publiclyslept with his fathers concubines for political reasons; it made clear hisclaim to the throne. Israelites who held back their allegiance thinking fatherand son would reconcile their differences, knew now that the breach waspermanent; they had to take a side. Again sexual potency and sexual relationsare acutely tied in with politics.David was ultimately confronted with thefact that he must capture or destroy his son Absalom. When he found out thathis soldiers killed Absalom, he mourned deeply. His love for his son collidedwith his effectiveness as a leader.David wept so excessively that itdemoralized the troops who had risked their lives for him and the nation ofIsrael. When Davids time was over, once again there was a power struggle forsuccession of the throne. This time it was between the sons of David, Adonijahand Solomon. Adonijah took initiative and set himself up as king, but Bathsheba,Davids favorite wife, and Nathan the prophet, pulled a few strings to secureSolomons claim of the crown. Due to the efforts of Bathsheba and Nathan,Solomon was crowned king. This pulling of strings demonstrates how personalrelations may engender lasting impacts on politics.If Bathseba had not beenDavids favorite wife, and Nathan had not been Davids trusted advisor, Adonijahmay have been crowned king of Israel instead of Solomon.Solomon also usedwomen to his advantage; he had seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines. Most of his wives were princesses of nearby tribes, so it can be inferred thathis marriages were politically motivated.He was married to Pharaohs daughter,and had an alliance with Pharaoh. The story of Solomons succession is ascomplicated and as involved with personal relations as his predecessors. As Israel developed from a confederation of tribes into a greatmonarchial power, a notable change took place. As the nation of Israel movedfrom the period of judges to the period of the monarchy, politics and politicalauthority became increasingly associated with personal matters and personalrelations. Personal relations began to affect politics and political authority,and in turn, politics affected personal relations. This change occurred becausethe characteristics of leadership changed. During the period of the judges,there was no succession of power, and because there was no succession of power,no one was fighting for it. The judges were sent to lead the Israelites intimes of need and emergency.Their leadership was only ephemeral, and thus notone of them were able to gain an exorbitant amount of political power. Whenthe period of the monarchy was firmly in place, however, there was a system ofsuccession of power. Even before the king muttered his last words, there werepeopleeagerl y waiting in line to take his place.And if that wasnt enough,people were plotting against the king in hopes of succeeding the throne, evenhis own sons. This feature of the period of the monarchy allowed for the mixingand intertwining of politics and personal relations. The use of women assymbols of power and dominance became abundant as kings challenged theprospective successors, and as prospective successors challenged the kings. Events took place that can be compared to episodes of TV soap operas or MelrosePlace. Politics and personal relations became interrelated, and above all else,the underlying reason was power. As people began to lust for power, for wealth,and for recognition, the association of the two became imminent, and theseparation of the two became impossible. Religion

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Math Term Paper Topics

Math Term Paper Topics Math term papers are one of the rare kinds of term papers as many students don’t have mathematics as a subject in their carrier run. So, it usually becomes difficult for the students to understand and implement their term papers. Math term paper becomes problematic sometimes if a student is not ready for the subject matter which was assigned to him. But it is never too late to seek for help and get help in raising your grades. A Mathematics term paper requires great amount of research and needs right approach to every point or idea used in it as every single point must be supported by logical conclusions and valid proofs. It usually is time consuming and makes many students frustrated. In order to make a simple math term paper you must simplify your ideas and put them in a straightforward way. You must make sure that each of your results depends on the main theorem and that all the theories used are related to each other and defined in a proper step by step order. It will make it easier for the reader to judge your ideas and implementation resulting in high scores. A standard format for math term papers consists of an introduction, body, theory and conclusion. There are no restrictions as in APA or MLA formats but a proper outline must be needed which will present your math term paper in a proper way. References must be given in your math term paper for each and every work cited. Special attention must be given to the notations used, so before starting your math term paper you must specify them and be consistent throughout your term paper. Math term paper topics are as easy to find as it seems difficult to work out with them. For example, the number theory, linear algebra, vectors, geometry are most common topics. You can even choose any great mathematician or scientist and use his achievements in your term paper. For example, Sir Isaac Newton, John Napier, Euclid, Einstein and their lifetime achievements can be discussed in your term paper. Still if you have lack of information or you have no time left to complete the paper on your own and you need assistance, please contact and we will clear your doubts in the minimum possible time and in the best possible way. Our writers will help you to find the best math term paper topics as well as interesting mathematics term paper topics.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Exhibition Paper; Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Exhibition Paper; - Essay Example The most renowned statues from the era include the Donatello and Nanni sculptures (Burgio, Clark, & Hark, 2010). Both masterpieces are held at the Museo dell’Opera de Muomo exhibition. The study seeks to implement the visual description of the sculptures as seen in the exhibition with a contextual inclusion of sculptural production in the Florentine Age of the 15th century. The renowned sculpture of Donatello remains an uncontested artifact of the period because of its unique inclusion of proportion in a rather hard to shape material. The 1418 sculpture depicts a biblical version of the events surrounding Isaac’s sacrifice. The sculptor engaged in the use of marble, and it is apparent that his knowledge in the field compelled his conclusion that he would deliver an exemplary artwork in the end. Arguably, the sculptor developed a theological concept prior to the beginning of the work; hence, the evidence shown in the sculptures facial expressions depicts the application of â€Å"scientific naturalism† (Long, 2013). The prevailing evidence from the visual surveillance inclines knowledge to a contemporary viewer that the use of grey almost brown colors emerges from the philosophical freedom held by the sculptor during the Florentine culture. While at the exhibition, a viewer could define the emotional expressions shown in the sculpture of Donatello on Isaac’s sacrifice. Such credentials declare the fury that Abraham felt once ordered by God to honor him through sacrificing his only child. In the contemporary culture, a viewer would agree with the sculptor’s perspective in developing the 191-centimeters’ tall sculpture. The taller figure of the sculpture seems to dominate the smaller one who is in a kneeling position (Burgio, Clark, & Hark, 2010). The rust-brown sculpture depicts a Biblical expression that the sacrifice was to accord God’s will as the taller figure looks upwards while holding a knife on the smaller